19 APR | UPSC Current Affairs | GS 2: Global Commons & Island Issues

Global Commons

News: The fourth edition of the Global Commons Stewardship Index Report presents the most recent data on domestic impacts and transboundary spillovers on the Global Commons.

Introduction to Global Commons:

  • Global commons encompass areas of the planet beyond national jurisdictions, accessible to all nations.
  • These resources belong to humanity collectively rather than to any specific community or individual.

Identification of Global Commons: International law recognizes four primary global commons:

  • High Seas,
  • Atmosphere,
  • Antarctica,
  • Outer Space.
  • These areas are governed by international agreements and are open to use by all nations.

Expansion of Global Commons:

  • In addition to the traditional global commons, recent developments have included resources vital to global welfare, such as tropical rainforests and biodiversity.
  • Some interpretations broaden the concept further to encompass areas like science, education, information, and peace as part of the global commons.

Neduntheevu, Nainativu & Analaitivu Islands

News: Recently India and Sri Lanka signed a contract for the implementation of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Neduntheevu), Nainativu and Analaitivu islands.

Neduntheevu, Nainativu & Analaitivu Islands

  • Located in the Palk Strait, separating Sri Lanka from southern India.
  • Close proximity to Delft Island (Neduntheevu) and the northern Sri Lankan city of Jaffna.
  • Significant pilgrimage site for Hindus and Buddhists.
  • Historical mention in ancient Tamil Sangam literature as Manipallavam.
  • Hosts Nagapooshani Amman Kovil, a historic Hindu temple dedicated to Amman.
      • Amman is associated with the Tamil deity Meenakshi from mainland India.
      • Mentioned in the Mahavamsa, composed by Monk Mahanama in the 6th century A.D.
      • According to Mahavamsa, Buddha visited the island during his second trip to Sri Lanka, five years after enlightenment.
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