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India Employment Report 2024 | UPSC

India Employment Report 2024 The India Employment Report 2024 was recently released by the Institute for Human Development and International Labour Organisation (ILO). There have been “paradoxical improvements” in labour market indicators such as the labour force participation rate, workforce participation rate, and unemployment rate in India in recent years after long-term deterioration from 2000-2019. […]

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Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD): Meaning, Phases, Impacts | UPSC

Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD): Meaning, Phases, Impacts | UPSC Context: The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in its Global Seasonal Climate Update for March-April-May 2024 has reported that the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) index is predicted to stay positive but is anticipated to return to near normal. Analysis The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) refers to the

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The Anthropocene Epoch: Definition, Significance, and Controversies | UPSC

Anthropocene Epoch: Meaning and Debates Context: Scientists recently proposed to formalise an ‘Anthropocene Epoch’ on the geologic time scale, triggering several debates. Analysis Background The Geologic Time Scale is the “calendar” for events in Earth history. All 4.6 billion years of Earth’s history are split into—in descending order of duration—Eons, Eras, Periods, Epochs and Ages

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Virtual Reality Augmented Reality and Mixed Reality | UPSC

Virtual Reality vs. Augmented Reality vs. Mixed Reality Context: When Apple unveiled its Vision Pro in June 2023, it called the device a “revolutionary spatial computer”. It also told the developers to call their apps ‘spatial computing apps’ — not augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), or mixed reality (MR) apps. But most tech enthusiasts

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Planetary Boundaries Framework: Concept and Significance | UPSC

Planetary Boundaries Framework: Concept and Significance Context: The 2024 Tyler Prize for environmental achievement was awarded to Johan Rockstrom for his pioneering work in the development of the Planetary Boundaries Framework. He had led the team of international researchers who originated the planetary Boundary Framework in 2009. The prestigious Tyler Prize is often described as

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Model Code of Conduct (MCC) Explained: Features and Significance | UPSC

Model Code of Conduct (MCC): Features and Significance Context: The Election Commission of India has announced the dates of the upcoming Lok Sabha elections. The Model Code of Conduct, which bars the government in power from announcing any new policy decisions, comes into effect immediately after the announcement. Analysis What is MCC? Article 324 of

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