Mains Articles

Urban Flooding in India: Causes, Impacts, and Mitigation Strategies | UPSC

Introduction Urban flooding has emerged as a significant challenge in Indian cities, driven by factors like rapid urbanization, inadequate infrastructure, and climatic changes.  Recent incidents in Delhi, marked by extreme heat followed by unprecedented rainfall, underscore the urgency of addressing urban flooding.  Causes of Urban Flooding: Unplanned Rapid Urbanization: Urban growth has led to the […]

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Management of Nuclear Waste: Challenges and Mitigation | UPSC

Introduction Recently, India loaded the core of its long-delayed prototype fast breeder reactor (PFBR) vessel, bringing it to the cusp of stage II — powered by uranium and plutonium — of its three-stage nuclear programme. By stage III, India hopes to be able to use its vast reserves of thorium to produce nuclear power and gain

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Understanding and Addressing the Risks of Spurious Liquor | UPSC

Introduction Over the last couple of days in Kallakurichi, in north Tamil Nadu, 39 people have died after consuming hooch laced with methanol. With others admitted in hospital in a critical condition, the toll might go up even further, rendering this one of the most devastating hooch tragedies in recent times. ‘Hooch’ is a term

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Indian Migrants in Gulf Countries: Opportunities and Challenges UPSC

Introduction The recent death of 45 Indian workers in a fire in Kuwait is a reminder of the dismal working conditions of a large, and often ignored, section of the Indian diaspora. The labour camp that was gutted was reportedly packed beyond capacity. The rapid spread of the blaze and the high number of casualties

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Frequent Rail Accidents in India: Causes and Mitigation | UPSC

Introduction India has witnessed yet another gruesome train accident. At least 15 people are dead and 60 injured in West Bengal after a goods train collided with the Sealdah-bound Kanchanjunga Express near Rangapani station. This comes after two trains collided in Andhra Pradesh’s Vizianagaram in October 2023 – leaving 13 dead and 50 injured. In

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India – Africa Relations: History, Sigificance, Challenges and Solutions | UPSC

Introduction The year 2023 was a good year for India’s foreign policy. The country ably used its G20 presidency to solidify its position as the leader of the Global South. Securing a permanent membership for the African Union (AU) in the G20, a platform which has traditionally been dominated by the most powerful countries of

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Challenges and Strategies for Women’s Political Representation in India UPSC

Introduction The 2024 Lok Sabha elections are a significant moment in India’s political history. Despite various achievements, women’s representation has declined. The 18th Lok Sabha will have only 74 women MPs, making up just 13.6% of the total, a drop from 14.4% in 2019. This decrease is notable, especially since these elections followed the passing

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None of the Above (NOTA): Significance and Challenges | UPSC

Introduction Context: The Supreme Court recently asked the Election Commission of India to respond to a plea seeking fresh elections to constituencies where NOTA (none of the above) wins majority votes. What is NOTA? NOTA was introduced to give voters a right to reject the candidates put up by the political parties. Electronic Voting Machines

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Indian Handloom Sector: Opportunities and Challenges | UPSC

Introduction The Indian handloom industry is the oldest and largest industry in the world, with a history of thousands of years. Handloom production is now the country’s second largest job-creating sector after agriculture, employing more than 65 lakh people. However, despite outstanding craftsmanship that demonstrates Indian culture, the industry faces several issues. While the Indian

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