Transnistria | UPSC

The disputed territory of Transnistria, officially known as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, represents a significant geopolitical flashpoint in Eastern Europe, reflecting the complex interplay of Russian influence and Moldovan sovereignty claims.

Transnistria's declaration of independence from Moldova in 1990 and subsequent lack of international recognition highlight the challenges of self-determination and the enduring legacies of Soviet-era territorial divisions.

The presence of Russian military forces in Transnistria underscores the strategic importance of the region for Moscow, complicating efforts by Moldova and the international community to resolve the territorial dispute through diplomatic means.

The unresolved status of Transnistria has perpetuated a frozen conflict in the region, impacting regional stability and economic development while also posing significant obstacles to Moldova's European integration aspirations.

Transnistria's unique political and economic system, operating independently from Moldova yet heavily reliant on Russian support, exemplifies the complexities of de facto states and their interactions within the international order.