Microcephaly: causes and symptoms

Microcephaly, a condition where a baby's head is significantly smaller than expected, can be caused by genetic abnormalities or exposure to certain infections during pregnancy, such as Zika virus.

Symptoms of microcephaly often include developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, and neurological issues, which may vary in severity depending on the underlying cause.

Although there is no cure for microcephaly, treatment focuses on managing symptoms and may include physical therapy, speech therapy, and medications to control seizures or other complications.

Preventative measures for microcephaly include maternal vaccination against infections like rubella and avoiding exposure to harmful substances during pregnancy.

Early diagnosis of microcephaly through prenatal ultrasounds allows for timely intervention and support to improve the quality of life for affected children and their families.