MS Swaminathan, 'Father of India's Green Revolution' dies: 5 facts about the legendary scientist
– Swaminathan completed twin bachelor degrees, in Zoology and Agricultural Sciences. But he decided to pursue a career in the agricultural field after the Bengal Famine in 1943.
He moved to the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi in 1947 to study plant breeding and genetics and obtained a post-graduate degree in cytogenetics in 1949
In 1960, Swaminathan along with Norman Borlaug and other scientists developed the HYV (high yielding variety) wheat seeds to help India recover from the food shortage faced by the country, at the time
Swaminathan was instrumental in laying the foundations for the Green Revolution in India, whose objective was to increase agricultural productivity in the developing world by using agricultural research and technology
Swaminathan held the position of Director General of Indian Council of Agricultural Research between 1972 and 1979 and International Rice Research Institute from 1982 and 1988. Additionally, he was also the Principal Secretary of Ministry of Agricultural in 1979