Far Side of the Moon

The Far Side of the Moon, often called the "dark side," is not actually permanently dark, but it's hidden from Earth due to synchronous rotation, where one side always faces us.

It wasn't until 1959 that humanity got its first glimpse of the far side, when the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 captured the first images, revealing a dramatically different terrain from the near side.

The far side is marked by vast plains of ancient volcanic basalt, contrasting with the prominent highlands that dominate the near side.

The largest known impact crater in the solar system, the South Pole-Aitken Basin, stretches across a significant portion of the far side, offering scientists a window into the Moon's early history.

Its unique geological features and lack of radio interference from Earth make the far side an attractive location for future lunar exploration missions and potentially a site for radio telescopes aiming to explore the universe beyond our solar system.