March 23 Movement (M23)

The March 23 Movement, commonly known as M23, is a rebel group based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, primarily composed of Tutsi fighters.

M23, named after a peace agreement signed on March 23, 2009, began its rebellion in 2012, citing the Congolese government's failure to implement the terms of the accord.

The M23 rebellion has led to significant humanitarian crises, with thousands of civilians displaced due to the ongoing conflict in the eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Despite various military offensives and peace negotiations, M23 remains a potent insurgent force, complicating efforts to stabilize the war-torn provinces of North Kivu and South Kivu.

International efforts to address the M23 crisis have included sanctions and diplomatic pressure on neighboring Rwanda and Uganda, accused of supporting the rebels.