In October 2023, we are poised to witness two notable celestial events: a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse. The solar eclipse, known as Surya Grahan, is considered one of the most significant astronomical occurrences. During a solar eclipse, the Moon obscures the Sun, while in a lunar eclipse, the Earth’s shadow engulfs the Moon.
A solar eclipse unfolds when the Moon positions itself between the Sun and the Earth, effectively blocking the Sun’s luminous rays from reaching our perspective. Solar eclipses manifest in four distinct types: partial solar eclipses, annular solar eclipses, total solar eclipses, and hybrid solar eclipses.