Daily News Analysis 18th Jan. 2024 (The Hindu)

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Here are the topics covered for  18 January 2024:

GS-2: Tobacco Use in India, Hate Speech

GS-3: Center for Fourth Industrial Revolution (C4IR), States’ Startup Ranking 2022

Fact For Prelims: Kashmir’s Snowfall, Multiple Sclerosis

Prevalence of Tobacco Use 


  • The World Health Organization has recently a report titled ‘Trends in Prevalence of Tobacco Use’ 2000-2030.

Key Findings of the Report

  • India has become the world’s second-biggest tobacco producer after China.
  • Worldwide there are about 1.25 billion adult tobacco users.
  • In India, there are about 267 million adults are users of tobacco. 
  • Major tobacco-producing states in India: Bihar, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal, and Telangana.
  • Each year tobacco kills more than 8 million people due to the risk of heart disease, lung disorders, cancer, etc.
  • Smoking costs more than $1 trillion annually as healthcare expenditure.

Hate Speech


  • Supreme Court bench has recently highlighted that the authorities need to be “conscious that no incitement to violence and hate speech are permissible”.

What is Hate Speech?

  • As defined by the 267th Report of the Law Commission of India, hate speech is a deliberate provocation of hostility towards a group based on their race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or similar defining characteristics. 
  • It\’s not simply offensive language; it\’s a dangerous spark meant to set ablaze violence and societal division.

Indian Laws Related to Hate Speech

  • IPC Sections 153A and 153B: Prohibit acts like inciting violence, hostility, and hatred against specific groups.
  • IPC Section 295A: Punishes deliberate acts that outrage the religious feelings of a community, including insults or desecration of religious objects.
  • IPC Sections 505(1) and 505(2): Criminalize the publication or circulation of content that promotes hostility, ill-will, or violence between different groups.
  • RPA Section 8: Prevents individuals convicted of using speech to incite hatred or violence from holding public office.
  • RPA Sections 123(3A) and 125: Classify promoting hatred based on protected identities during elections as a form of electoral corruption, preventing its use for political gain.

Way Ahead

  • Public awareness campaigns: Educate citizens about the dangers of hate speech and equip them to identify and challenge it.
  • Improved law enforcement: Train law enforcement officials to investigate and prosecute hate speech crimes effectively.
  • Promoting inclusivity and tolerance: Foster interfaith dialogue, intercultural understanding, and respect for diversity to create a society where hate finds no fertile ground.

Center for Fourth Industrial Revolution (C4IR)


  • The World Economic Forum (WEF) recently announced the establishment of C4IR in Hyderabad.

Industrial Revolutions

  • The First Industrial Revolution used water and steam power to mechanize production. 
  • The Second used electric power to create mass production. 
  • The Third used electronics and information technology to automate production.

What is the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

  • Now the Fourth Industrial Revolution is building on the Third, the digital revolution that has been occurring since the middle of the last century. 
  • It is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.
  • When compared with previous industrial revolutions, the Fourth is evolving at an exponential rather than a linear pace. 
  • Moreover, it is disrupting almost every industry in every country. 
  • And the breadth and depth of these changes herald the transformation of entire systems of production, management, and governance.

States’ Startup Ranking 2022


  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has recently released the States’ Startup Ranking 2022.

Key Findings

    • States have been ranked under five categories:
  • Best performers – Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala
  • Top performers – Telangana, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Leaders – Assam, Andhra Pradesh
  • Aspiring leaders  – Haryana, Bihar
  • Emerging – Delhi, Chattisgarh
  • With more than 1.14 lakh startups recognized by the Government, India has the 3rd largest startup ecosystem.

Startups in India

  • The DPIIT recognizes the start-ups in India under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) notifies rules for listing start-ups.

Fact For Prelims

Kashmir’s Snowfall

  • Recent years have observed a decrease in snowfall in the Ladakh-Jammu & Kashmir region. 
  • The frequency of Western Disturbances has declined in recent years.
  • The occurrence of El Nino has contributed to deficit precipitation in the region.

Multiple Sclerosis

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
  • In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. 
  • Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage or deterioration of the nerve fibers.
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