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Daily News Analysis 01 Feb 2024 (The Hindu)

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Here are the topics covered for  01 Feb 2024:

GS-1: Maratha Military Landscapes

GS-3: Food System Economics Commission (FSEC), Minor Forest Produce 

Facts For Prelims: StartupShala, Corruption Perception Index

Maratha Military Landscapes


  • India has nominated the \”Maratha Military Landscapes,\” showcasing the strategic forts of Maratha rule, for UNESCO World Heritage listing in 2024-25.

Maratha Military Landscapes

  • The \”Maratha Military Landscapes\” date from the 17th to 19th centuries, showcasing an exceptional fortification system.
  • These forts integrate unique features of the Sahyadri mountain ranges, Konkan Coast, Deccan Plateau, and Eastern Ghats.
  • Out of Maharashtra\’s 390 forts, 12 are nominated for UNESCO World Heritage, with eight protected by ASI and four by the Directorate of Archaeology.
  • The nomination underscores the historical and strategic significance of these forts within the Maratha rule\’s legacy.

World Heritage Sites

  • World Heritage sites are landmarks recognized by UNESCO for their cultural, historical, scientific, or outstanding value. 
  • Established under the 1972 World Heritage Convention, nominations are assessed by the World Heritage Committee based on criteria including cultural significance, architectural uniqueness, historical importance, and ecological diversity. 
  • Only those deemed to possess exceptional universal value are added to the prestigious World Heritage List.

Food System Economics Commission (FSEC)


  • The FSEC has released the ‘The Economics of the Food System Transformation’ report, calling for a sustainable global food system.

Highlights of the Report

  • Current food systems incur significant costs, exceeding their global contributions.
  • Health costs related to non-communicable diseases are estimated at a minimum of 11 trillion USD annually.
  • Environmental costs, including greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, and biodiversity loss, amount to around 3 trillion USD annually.
  • The global food system is on an unsustainable trajectory, with policies lacking the strength to redirect it.
  • By 2050, the food system is projected to be responsible for about 1/3rd of future global emissions.
  • Implementing Food System Transformation (FST) incurs costs of 200-500 billion USD annually, while the benefits are estimated at 5-10 trillion USD annually.
  • FST can address health issues, and environmental concerns, ensure income for farmers, and develop food systems as a net carbon sink.
  • It provides a comprehensive solution, contributing to the elimination of undernutrition.

Minor Forest Produce (MFP)


  • The Odisha government has recently launched the LABHA (Laghu Bana Jatya Drabya Kraya) scheme for MFP.

What is MFP?

  • Minor Forest Produce (MFPs) encompasses all non-timber forest products derived from plants, such as bamboo, brushwood, stumps, cane, tussar, cocoons, honey, wax, lac, tendu/kendu leaves, etc. 
  • This classification also extends to bamboo and cane, thus altering the designation of bamboo and cane as \”trees\” under the Indian Forest Act, of 1927.


  • The program will be coordinated with Women Self-Help Groups, as a significant proportion of primary collectors of Minor Forest Produce (MFPs) are women. 
  • Minimum Support Price (MSP) serves as a mechanism of state intervention to shield producers from the price fluctuations of their produce.
  • MFP serves as a significant source of subsistence and cash income for tribal communities. 
  • Additionally, it constitutes a substantial part of their diet, providing essential items such as food, fruits, medicines, and other consumables.

Facts For Prelims


  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has introduced \’StartupShala,\’ a flagship accelerator program under Startup India.
  • Startup India, initiated in 2016 by DPIIT, aims to foster entrepreneurship and strengthen the startup ecosystem in India.
  • StartupShala is a sector-specific initiative designed for existing entrepreneurs, offering access to knowledge, networks, funds, and guidance essential for scaling up.
  • The accelerator program spans three months and includes two cohorts focused on Clean Technology and Deep Technology.
  • Each cohort will select 20 startups for participation.

Corruption Perception Index

  • India is ranked 93 out of 180 countries on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2023.
  • This marks a slight decline from the 85th position in the 2022 ranking.
  • The CPI is released by Transparency International and assesses perceived levels of public sector corruption, using a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
  • In the 2023 CPI, Denmark secured the top position, followed by Finland, New Zealand, and Norway.
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